Cirugía coronario

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Short-Term Results of Ivabradine versus Metoprolol: The Effects on Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

CABG on pump versus off pump - Vie, 03/04/2022 - 11:00

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Mar 3. doi: 10.21470/1678-9741-2021-0201. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Classic coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery involves diastolic cardiac arrest under cardiopulmonary bypass, while off-pump CABG (OPCABG) has become widespread in recent years.

METHODS: 174 patients who underwent OPCABG were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. Group I (n=90) received ivabradine and Group M (n=84) received metoprolol before surgery until postoperative day 10. Intraoperative arrhythmias and hypotension were recorded. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) and arrhythmia, mortality and morbidity rates were assessed based on the 30-day postoperative follow-up.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the intraoperative amount of inotropic support and red blood cell transfusion between groups (P=0.87 and P=0.31). However, the rates of intraoperative arrhythmias and hypotension were not significantly higher in Group M (P=0.317 and P=0.47). Ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) was observed in 2 patients in both groups. Postoperative AF occurred in 7 patients (7.7%) in Group I and in 10 patients (11.9%) in Group M. Although there was a trend towards a higher prevalence of AF in Group M patients, this did not reach statistical significance. In addition, mortality and morbidity rates were comparable between groups.

PMID:35244381 | DOI:10.21470/1678-9741-2021-0201

Categorías: Cirugía coronario

Comparative study of coronary artery bypass grafting combined with off-pump mitral valvuloplasty versus coronary artery bypass grafting alone in patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation

CABG on pump versus off pump - Jue, 03/03/2022 - 11:00

Perfusion. 2022 Mar 2:2676591211053826. doi: 10.1177/02676591211053826. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Whether mitral surgery should be performed simultaneously with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (MIMR) is controversial. This study was performed to introduce a method of off-pump mitral valvuloplasty after off-pump CABG (OPCABG) and compare it with OPCABG alone.

METHODS: Eighty-three patients with MIMR underwent OPCABG. Among them, 21 patients (Group A) underwent posterior mitral annuloplasty without cardiopulmonary bypass, and 62 patients (Group B) underwent OPCABG alone. The primary endpoint of follow-up was the mitral regurgitation area.

RESULTS: The mean mitral regurgitant area in Group A and B was 6.42 ± 1.02 and 5.49 ± 1.24 cm2 preoperatively (p = .479), 2.93 ± 1.35 and 3.28 ± 1.93 cm2 at 1 week postoperatively (p = .516), 3.06 ± 2.16 and 3.09 ± 1.85 cm2 at 3 months postoperatively (p = .839), and 3.02 ± 1.60 and 3.7 cm2 (median) at 1 year postoperatively (p = .043). There was less regurgitation in Group A at the mid-term. Intragroup comparison showed significant differences between the preoperative and postoperative values in both groups, with no difference in the regurgitant area at each postoperative time point in Group A but a significant difference between 3 months and 1 year postoperatively in Group B (p = .042). Multiple linear regression showed that the mid-term mitral regurgitant area changes were negatively correlated with graft flow and positively correlated with age.

CONCLUSION: In patients with MIMR who underwent OPCABG plus off-pump mitral valve annuloplasty, the mitral regurgitant area was smaller and mitral regurgitation recurrence was less frequent at the mid-term follow-up.

PMID:35236195 | DOI:10.1177/02676591211053826

Categorías: Cirugía coronario

Hybrid robotic off-pump versus conventional on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery in women

CABG on pump versus off pump - Sáb, 01/22/2022 - 11:00

J Card Surg. 2022 Apr;37(4):895-905. doi: 10.1111/jocs.16247. Epub 2022 Jan 22.


OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of three methods of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG): robotic off-pump hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) versus conventional CABG off-pump (off-pump coronary artery bypass [OPCAB]) and on-pump (on-pump coronary artery bypass [ONCAB]) in women.

METHODS: Data on women who underwent robotic off-pump HCR or conventional OPCAB or conventional ONCAB between May 2005 and January 2021 were collected. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) with doubly robust method was used to analyze the data.

RESULTS: A total of 731 women were included (181 robotic off-pump HCR, 138 conventional ONCAB, and 412 conventional OPCAB cases). IPTW-adjusted analyses revealed the following: (1) for operative times, robotic off-pump HCR presented longer times when compared with OPCAB, but shorter times when compared with ONCAB; (2) compared with ONCAB and OPCAB, robotic off-pump HCR presented lower rates of reintervention for bleeding, intra- and postoperative blood transfusions, higher rates of extubation in the OR with less prolonged ventilation, lower rates of postoperative atrial fibrillation, and shorter intensive care unit and hospital length of stay; (3) no statistically significant differences for operative mortality were observed comparing robotic off-pump HCR with ONCAB (IPTW-adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.77; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.07-7.85; p = .822) and with OPCAB (IPTW-adjusted OR: 4.27; 95% CI: 0.27-66.88; p = .301); 4. long-term survival was similar with HCR compared with ONCAB (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.36-1.50, p = .401) and OPCAB (HR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.50-1.58, p = .683).

CONCLUSIONS: In our local experience, robotic off-pump HCR in women was as safe as conventional ONCAB and OPCAB and may further improve postoperative outcomes when performed frequently by a dedicated team, producing better perioperative outcomes without compromising survival in the long run.

PMID:35064710 | DOI:10.1111/jocs.16247

Categorías: Cirugía coronario

Randomized evidence on graft patency after off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: An updated meta-analysis

CABG on pump versus off pump - Mar, 01/18/2022 - 11:00

Int J Surg. 2022 Feb;98:106212. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2021.106212. Epub 2022 Jan 15.


BACKGROUND: The debate between off-pump CABG (OPCAB) and on-pump CABG (ONCAB) has been ongoing for decades. We aimed to provide a comprehensive update of the current randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in evaluating the graft patency of OPCAB versus ONCAB.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases until April 30, 2021. All RCTs from 2003 to 2020 comparing the results of graft patency between OPCAB and ONCAB were included. We compared the overall graft occlusion between the two groups, and subgroup analyses were conducted based on different types of conduits and target territories, crossover from off-pump to on-pump rate, and the length of follow-up.

RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs were identified, with 5743 grafts in the OPCAB group and 5898 in the ONCAB group. OPCAB was associated with a higher risk of occlusion in the overall graft (RR: 1.31; 95% CI, 1.17-1.46), saphenous vein graft (SVG) (RR: 1.40; 95% CI, 1.23-1.59), grafts to left anterior descending (LAD) territory (RR: 1.52; 95% CI, 1.11-2.08) and left circumflex artery (LCX) territory (RR: 1.45; 95% CI, 1.19-1.76), while no significant difference was observed between the two groups in respect of arterial conduits and grafts to right coronary artery (RCA) territory. Furthermore, the lower crossover rate and longer length of follow-up appeared to reduce the association between OPCAB and lower graft patency.

CONCLUSIONS: The current meta-analysis indicates that, compared with ONCAB, graft patency is poorer with OPCAB for overall grafts, SVG grafts, grafts to LAD and LCX territories, whereas the results remain comparable for arterial conduits and grafts to RCA territory.

PMID:35041977 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2021.106212

Categorías: Cirugía coronario

Comparison between OPCABG and CABG Surgical Revascularization Using Transit Time Flow Measurement (TTFM)

CABG on pump versus off pump - Mar, 12/28/2021 - 11:00

Heart Surg Forum. 2021 Nov 29;24(6):E963-E967. doi: 10.1532/hsf.4265.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the intraoperative quality of coronary anastomoses performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass using transit time flow measurement (TTFM) parameters.

METHODS: We collected data from 588 consecutive patients who underwent surgical revascularization. We retrospectively reviewed data from two groups: 411 with cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG group) and 177 off-pump (OPCABG group). Transit time flow measurement parameters: mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatile index (PI), and diastolic filing (DF) were measured for each graft and patient.

RESULTS: Patients in the OPCABG group had higher EuroSCORE compared with the CABG group (3.53 ± 2.32 versus 2.84 ± 2.15, P = .002). Overall comparison of TTFM parameters showed no statistical difference between the two surgical techniques except for PI in circumflex artery territory, which was higher in the OPCABG group for all types of grafts 3.0 ± 4.9 versus 2.4 ± 2.0 in, P = .026.

CONCLUSION: The comparison between OPCABG and CABG in this study showed comparable results with both surgical techniques. PI was higher in the OPCABG group in harder-to-reach vessel territories. Measurement of transit time may improve the quality, safety, and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting and should be considered as a routine procedure.

PMID:34962464 | DOI:10.1532/hsf.4265

Categorías: Cirugía coronario
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